HPV is the most frequently transmitted sexual infection worldwide, and can cause cervical cancer, but still many are unaware of its existence, says Dr. David Samadi, head of the Urology department at Lenox Hill Hospital.
There are many different types of this virus, some may cause health problems, including genital warts and tumors, but there are vaccines that can prevent these problems.
According to Dr. David Samadi, studies show that the HPV vaccine is effective against various strains when you have been vaccinated.
Most people with HPV do not know they are infected, and do not develop any symptoms or health problems related to the virus. Some patients find they have been affected when genital warts appear, while many women may be diagnosed with HPV infection as a result of an abnormal Pap-Test result. Others can find out only after having developed more serious problems, such as tumors.
From HPV to Cervical Cancer
The HPV virus is transmitted during intimate contact. 80 to 90 percent of all sexually active people are infected with the human papillomavirus once in a lifetime, mostly unnoticed. In a large percentage of cases, this infection clears up after approximately a year. But Dr. Samadi points out that in a few women, however, the viruses trigger a long-lasting inflammation, which can be associated with the change of cells. These cell changes are considered precursor to cancer and in a few cases may develop into cervical cancer.
These cells do not always develop into cancer cells – in about 30 to 40 percent of cases they disappear on their own. However, risk factors such as smoking or long-term birth control pill intake prevent such spontaneous self-healing. And in just 12 to 15 percent, they really develop into cervical cancer.
There are two vaccines that work directly against two of the 15 HPV types that cause cell changes – marketed under the name Gardasil and Cervarix. Today, doctors recommend to vaccinate against HPV as early as the age of eleven. Since HPV can be transmitted at the first sexual intercourse, the vaccine should be given before the first sexual contact.
Dr. Samadi has been a medical correspondent with Fox News and he host the AM 970 Radio radio show, offering the latest updates and developments in the medical industry. He’s an award-winning physician and advises on a range of medical topics. He covers important health topics, often found on the Daily News and featured on his Samadimd.com blog.
He received both his bachelor’s and medical degrees from Stony Brook University and went on to complete his medical residency in urology at Albert Einstein Medical College. He was also a fellow in oncology at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Dr. Samadi has been honored with more than 30 awards and is renown, internationally, for his SMART surgical technique.
Learn More: www.linkedin.com/in/davidsamadi